Emergency WASH

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Our Emergency WASH themed section is under construction!

We will provide water and sanitation -related resources, covering all areas on how to provide clean water and sanitation in emergency situations.

Check back soon!


  • Sanitation in Emergencies Overview. SSWM. The aim of every sanitation system in emergencies is to minimise spread of faecal-oral diseases and to restore a healthy environment. Safe excreta disposal is therefore a major priority. Apart from that, sanitation interventions after a disastrous event are also concerned with hygiene promotion, surface run-off (stormwater) and solid waste management, and handling of dead bodies. The best emergency sanitation system does not exist, and options must be considered as individually as the events that cause the emergency. The choice of the optimal system depends on the cause of the emergency event, the level of displacement of the affected population, the emergency phase (immediate, stabilisation, recovery), the available capacity, and the political and social context of the affected region. Advantages of ecological dry toilet systems have been pointed out for some emergency contexts.