3.4 Provincial Spatial Plan
In Regional Regulation No. 16 of 2019 concerning the Amendment to the RTRW of Central Java Province in 2009-2029, a strategy for the realization and improvement of integration and linkages between aquaculture activities is stipulated, one of which is related to restoring coastal areas and small islands to increase competitiveness and realize economies of scale in the fisheries and tourism sector.
In the Provincial Spatial Plan, a protected area development strategy is set for the maintenance and realization of the preservation of environmental functions and carrying capacity, including:
a. Determination of protected areas following the nature of the protection;
b. Adding forest-like vegetation cover at least 10% of the total area to support the realization of 30% of the area of watersheds in the form of forest areas;
c. Restore and improve the function of protected areas that have declined due to the development of cultivation activities, in the context of realizing and maintaining the balance of regional ecosystems; and
d. Directing disaster-prone areas as protected areas.
In addition to the above strategies, strategic area development strategies are also mentioned for the preservation and improvement of environmental functions and carrying capacity to maintain and improve ecosystem balance, conserve biodiversity, maintain and improve area protection functions, preserve unique landscapes, and preserve regional cultural heritage which includes :
a. Prevent the use of space that has the potential to reduce the function of protected areas;
b. Limiting the use of space that has the potential to reduce the function of protected areas;
c. Limit the development of infrastructure and facilities that can trigger the development of cultivation activities; and
d. Rehabilitate protected area functions that have declined due to the impact of developing space utilization.
Furthermore, in the Provincial RTRW, a spatial pattern plan for the direction of zoning regulations is drawn up for the entire network system and land use and coastal areas, including:
• protected area,
• water catchment area
• Coastal area
• Mangrove forested coastal areas
• Flood prone areas
• Tidal-prone areas
• Tsunami prone areas
• Areas prone to abrasion
• Water recharge area
• Springs border area
Based on the Land-use plan, on the northern coast of Central Java it is designated as a coastal setback with a width of 100 meters, and various later uses ie: mangrove areas, agriculture, fisheries, tourism, settlements and industry, while in the middle part it is designated as forest, residential and agricultural areas.
In addition to the land use plan, it is also determined what zoning regulations can be carried out in each land designation. In essence, this zoning regulation determines what activities are allowed to apply protection to the environment as a whole from upstream to downstream.
More details can be seen in the figure above: Central Java Spatial Plan
Acknowledgements[edit | edit source]
Victor Coenen (Witteveen+Bos), Susan Arts (TwynstraGudde, Jaap de Heer (TwynstraGudde), Mugy Grimwaldy (Bita Bina Semesta) and Henni Hendarti (Deltares), 30-9-2021
Final content report Integrated Coastal Zone Management for the Central Java Province